January 2018

Neolithic amphora with painted decoration

Neolithic amphora with painted decoration

The amphora -vessel used for the preservation and consumption of liquids- came to light during the excavation at the site Platoma of Asprovalta and it is dated to the Late Neolithic period and more specifically to the first half of the 5th millennium BC.

It belongs to the ceramic category "black on red" which is characterized by exceptionally pure clay, evenly fired, thin walls and burnished surface, and is an expression of one of the most important moments in the history of Neolithic ceramic technology and art. It uses black paint on red slipped surface. Bundles of stripes create sections on the vessel's neck and triangular sections on the body, which are decorated with curved motifs, sigmoid and crescents.

It expresses a broader trend of the era to produce elaborately decorated vessels in the Aegean and Southeastern Europe and especially in Macedonia and Thrace, where such vessels are found in great variety. The more dynamic representation of this pottery is located in eastern Macedonia, while its wide distribution reaches the Pagasitikos Gulf in Thessaly. This demonstrates that the "black on red" vessels participated actively in the communication and exchange networks of the Neolithic period, which operated systematically during this era, covering large areas and distances. Apart from pots, an important role in such networks had other categories of material culture, such as stone tools, figurines, stamps, jewelry, and raw materials such as stones, metals, shells or other goods, such as salt.

The exhibit is located at the exhibition Prehistoric Macedonia, showcase 10